Ever since ancient times, dams, have provided ancient civilizations with the means to control an essential and valuable resource, water. While there is evidence of ancient civilizations building one form of a dam or another, which were mostly restricted in size, it would take Raja Raja Chola to build the largest dam ever, the Annicut in 1 AD which remarkably continues to function to this day. There are other dams, huge ones such as the three gorges dam but the fact that the Annicut was built around 1AD without the help of modern technology truly makes this dam one of a kind. Some of the first city-states developed around 10, BC but soon, they realized that they faced a logistical nightmare as more people gravitated towards these early city-states for reasons of security and opportunity. One of the essential resources that mankind depends on happens to be water and ensuring that the local population had easy access to the same became a huge problem.
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These expressions are typically followed by strong advocacy for the Basha dam and other large storages. Also read: Is Pakistan running out of fresh water? Moreover, the importance given to the Basha dam has been so significant that the Supreme Court and the government have jointly initiated a crowdsourcing drive probably the first of its kind on this scale , requesting Pakistani citizens to fund the multi-billion dollar mega-project. Many Pakistanis have responded positively to this request and are contributing to the dam fund. There are many stakeholders though, who have reservations on the development of the Basha dam, or any other large storage within the Indus basin. But even if Diamer-Bhasha reaches its funding goal, then what?
Pakistan Problem: A Big Dam in Times of Small Development
Excitement was pervasive when the Punjab government decided to build a small dam to store rainwater for irrigation in a northwestern part of Jhelum district in The project promised to bring a fundamental change in the traditional way of agriculture — waiting for rains to irrigate farmlands. It promised to make irrigation water available throughout the year, as and when local farmers needed it.
Diamer-Bhasha Dam is a concreted-filled gravity dam , in the preliminary stages of construction, on the River Indus between Kohistan district in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Diamer district in Gilgit Baltistan , Pakistan administered Kashmir. Its foundation stone was laid by the then Prime Minister of Pakistan in The dam site is situated near a place called "Bhasha", hence the name which is 40Km downstream of Chilas town and Km from Tarbela Dam. The eight million acre feet MAF reservoir with metre height will be the tallest roller compact concrete RCC dam in the world.