Consistency of verb tense helps ensure smooth expression in your writing. The practice of the discipline for which you write typically determines which verb tenses to use in various parts of a scientific document. In general, however, the following guidelines may help you know when to use past and present tense. If you have questions about tense or other writing concerns specific to your discipline, check with your adviser. To describe your methodology and report your results. At the time you are writing your report, thesis, dissertation or article, you have already completed your study, so you should use past tense in your methodology section to record what you did, and in your results section to report what you found.
Writing About Your Research: Verb Tense
Verb tenses in research papers: Which tense should you use? – Language Editing
This handout will help you understand how to use these three verb tenses in your own academic writing. Click here for a color-coded illustration of changing verb tenses in academic writing. The present simple tense is the basic tense of most academic writing. Use this as your first choice unless you have a good reason to use another tense.
An abstract is a short summary of your published or unpublished research paper, usually about a paragraph c. A well-written abstract serves multiple purposes:. So what you include in your abstract and in your title are crucial for helping other researchers find your paper or article. If you are writing an abstract for a course paper, your professor may give you specific guidelines for what to include and how to organize your abstract. Similarly, academic journals often have specific requirements for abstracts.
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